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  1. Niels de Jonge, R. Sougrat, B. Northan and S. Pennycook, "Three-Dimensional Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy of Biological Specimens," Microsc. Microanal., 16, 54 (2010).
  2. A. R. Lupini, P. Wang, P. D. Nellist, A. I. Kirkland and S. J. Pennycook, "Aberration measurement using the Ronchigram contrast transfer function," Ultramic., 110, 891 (2010).
  3. Niels de Jonge, Rachid Sougrat, Brian M. Northan, and Stephen J. Pennycook, "Three-Dimensional Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy of Biological Specimens," Microscroscopy & Microanalysis, Vol.16 (01), pp. 54-63 (2010).
  4. P. Rulis, A. R. Lupini, S. J. Pennycook and W. Y. Ching, Spectroscopic Imaging of Electron Energy Loss Spectra Using ab initio Data and Function Field Visualization," Ultramicroscopy, Vol.109 (12), pp. 1472-1478 (2009).
  5. S.I. Molina, D.L. Sales, P.L. Galindo, D. Fuster, Y. Gonzalez c, B. Alen, L. Gonzalez, M. Varela, S.J. Pennycook, "Column-by-Column Compositional Mapping by Z-contrast Imaging," Ultramicroscopy Vol.109 (2), pp. 172-176 (2009).
  6. A. R. Lupini, A. Y. Borisevich , J. C. Idrobo, H. M. Christen, M. Biegalski, and S. J. Pennycook, "Characterizing the Two- and Three-Dimensional Resolution of a Improved Aberration-Corrected STEM," Microsc. Microanal. 15, 441-453, 2009.
  7. Kabius, D. Miller, I. Petrov, E.A. Olson, T. Donchev, E.A. Kenik, A.R. Lupini, J. Bentley, S.J. Pennycook, I.M. Anderson, A.M. Minor, A.K. Schmid, T. Duden, V. Radmilovic, Q.M. Ramasse, M. Watanabe, R. Erni, E.A. Stach, P. Denes, and U. Dahmen, "Detection of Single Atoms and Buried Defects in Three Dimensions by Aberration-Corrected Electron Microscope with 0.5-Å Information Limit," Microsc. Microanal. 14, 469–477, 2008.
  8. M. P. Oxley and S. J. Pennycook, "Image Simulation for Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy," Micron, 39, 676-684 (2008).
  9. Lupini, A. R. and S. J. Pennycook, "Rapid autotuning for crystalline specimens from an inline hologram," J Electron Microsc (Tokyo), 57, 195-201 (2008).
  10. Y. Peng, M. P. Oxley, A. R. Lupini, M. F. Chisholm, and S. J. Pennycook, "Spatial Resolution and Information Transfer in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy," Microsc. Microanal., 14, 36 (2008).
  11. Molina, S. I., M. Varela, T. Ben, D. L. Sales, J. Pizarro, P. L. Galindo, D. Fuster, Y. Gonzalez, L. Gonzalez and S. J. Pennycook, "A Method to Determine the Strain and Nucleation Sites of Stacked Nano-Objects," J. Nanosci. Nanotech., 8, 3422-3426 (2008).
  12. A. J. D'Alfonso, S. D. Findlay, M. P. Oxley, S. J. Pennycook, K. van Benthem, and L. J. Allen, "Depth sectioning in scanning transmission electron microscopy based on core-loss spectroscopy," Ultramic., 108, 17 (2007).
  13. M. P. Oxley, M. Varela, T. J. Pennycook, K. van Benthem, S. D. Findlay, A. J. D’Alfonso, L. J. Allen, S. J. Pennycook. “Interpreting atomic-resolution spectroscopic images,Physical Review B76, 064303 (2007).
  14. van Benthem, K., Lupini A. R., Oxley M. P., Findlay, S. D., Allen L. J., and Pennycook S. J., "Three-dimensional ADF imaging of individual atoms by through-focal series scanning transmission electron microscopy," Ultramicrosc. 106 1062-8 (2006).
  15. Allen, L. J., S. D. Findlay, M. P. Oxley, C. Witte, and N. J. Zaluzec, “Channeling Effects in High-Angular-Resolution Electron Spectroscopy,Phys. Rev. B: 73 094104 (2006).
  16. Borisevich, A. Y., A. R. Lupini, S. Travaglini, and S. J. Pennycook, “Depth Sectioning of Aligned Crystals with the Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope,” J. Electron Microsc. 55, 7–12 (2006b).
  17. Kalinin, S. V., S. Jesse, B. J. Rodriguez, J. Shin, A. P. Baddorf, H. N. Lee, A. Borisevich, and S. J. Pennycook, “Spatial Resolution, Information Limit, and Contrast Transfer in Piezoresponse Force Microscopy,” Nanotechnology 17, 3400–3411 (2006).
  18. P.D. Nellist, M.F. Chisholm, A.R. Lupini, A. Borisevich, W.H, Sides Jr. S.J. Pennycook, N, Dellby, R. Keyse, O.L. Krivanek, M.F. Murfitt, Z.S. Szilagyi, “Aberration-corrected STEM: current performance and future directions,” J. Phys. 26 (1) 7-12 (2006).
  19. S. J. Pennycook, A. R. Lupini, M. Varela, A. Y. Borisevich, Y. Peng, M. P. Oxley and M. F. Chisholm, "Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanostructure Characterization," pp. 152-191 in Scanning Microscopy for Nanotechnology: Techniques and Applications, ed. by W. Zhou and Z. L. Wang, Springer (2006).
  20. Sergio I. Molina, María Varela, Teresa Ben, David L. Sales, Joaquín Pizarro, Pedro L. Galindo, David Fuster, Yolanda González, Luisa González and Stephen J. Pennycook. “Determination of the Strain Generated in InAs/InP Quantum Wires: Prediction of Nucleation Sites” Nanotech., 17, 5652 (2006).
  21. Cosgriff, E. C., M. P. Oxley, L. J. Allen and S. J. Pennycook, "The spatial resolution of imaging using core-loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope," Ultramicrosc., 102, 317-326 (2005).
  22. Findlay, S. D., M. P. Oxley, S. J. Pennycook and L. J. Allen, "Modelling imaging based on core-loss spectroscopy in scanning transmission electron microscopy," Ultramicrosc., 104, 126-140 (2005).
  23. Pennycook, S. J., “Microscopy: transmission electron microscopy”, p. 240-247 in Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, Vol. 6, F. Bassani, J. Liedl and P. Wyder, Ed., Elsevier Science Ltd, Kidlington, Oxford, (2005).
  24. d van Benthem, K., A. R. Lupini, M. Kim, H. S. Baik, S. Doh, J. H. Lee, M. P. Oxley, S. D. Findlay, L. J. Allen, J. T. Luck and S. J. Pennycook, "Three-dimensional imaging of individual hafnium atoms inside a semiconductor device," Appl. Phys. Lett., 87, Art. No. 034104 (2005).
  25. Nellist, P. D., M. F. Chisholm, N. Dellby, O. L. Krivanek, M. F. Murfitt, Z. S. Szilagyi, A. R. Lupini, A. Borisevich, W. H. Sides and S. J. Pennycook, "Direct sub-angstrom imaging of a crystal lattice," Science, 305, 1741-1741 (2004).
  26. Varela, M., S. D. Findlay, A. R. Lupini, H. M. Christen, A. Y. Borisevich, N. Dellby, O. L. Krivanek, P. D. Nellist, M. P. Oxley, L. J. Allen and S. J. Pennycook, "Spectroscopic imaging of single atoms within a bulk solid," Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 095502 (2004).
  27. Y. Peng, P. D. Nellist and S. J. Pennycook "HAADF-STEM Imaging With Sub-Angstrom Probes, a full Bloch wave analysis," (PDF, 352 KB) Journal of Electron Microscopy 53, 257 (2004).
  28. L. J. Allen, S. D. Findlay, A. R. Lupini, M. P. Oxley, and S. J. Pennycook, “Atomic Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Imaging in Aberration Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy,” (PDF, 100 KB) Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105503/1 (2003).
  29. A. R. Lupini and S. J. Pennycook, “Localization in Elastic and Inelastic Scattering,” (PDF, 304 KB) Ultramicroscopy 96, 313 (2003).
  30. B. Rafferty, P. D. Nellist, and S. J. Pennycook, “On the Origin of Transverse Incoherence in Z-Contrast STEM,” (PDF, 272 KB) J. Electron. Microsc. 50 , 227 (2001).
  31. G. Duscher, R. Buczko, S. J. Pennycook, and S. T. Pantelides, “Core-Hole Effects on Energy-Loss Near-Edge Structure,” (PDF, 168 KB) Ultramicroscopy 86, 355 (2001).
  32. R. Buczko, D. Duscher, S. J. Pennycook, and S. T. Pantelides, "Excitonic Effects in Core-Excitation Spectra of Semiconductors," (PDF, 72 KB) Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2168 (2000).
  33. B. Rafferty, S. J. Pennycook, and L. M. Brown, “Zero Loss Peak Deconvolution for Bandgap EEL Spectra,J.Electron. Microsc. 49, 517 (2000).
  34. S. J. Pennycook, B. Rafferty, and P. D. Nellist, "Z-Contrast Imaging in an Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope,” (PDF 3 MB) Microsc. Microanal. 6, 343 (2000).
  35. S. J. Pennycook and P. D. Nellist, "Z-Contrast Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy," p. 161 in Impact of Electron Scanning Probe Microscopy on Materials Research, ed. by D. Rickerby, G. Valdrè, and U. Valdrè, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands (1999).
  36. A. J. McGibbon, S. J. Pennycook, and D. E. Jesson, “Crystal Structure Retrieval by Maximum Entropy Analysis of Atomic Resolution Incoherent Images,” (PDF, 872 KB) J. Microsc.-Oxford 195, 44 (1999).
  37. P. D. Nellist and S. J. Pennycook, “Incoherent Imaging Using Dynamically Scattered Coherent Electrons,” (PDF, 552 KB) Ultramicroscopy 78, 111 (1999).
  38. B. Rafferty and S. J. Pennycook, “Towards Atomic Column-by-Column Spectroscopy,” (PDF, 436 KB) Ultramicroscopy 78, 141 (1999).
  39. P. D. Nellist and S. J. Pennycook, “Subangstrom Resolution by Underfocused Incoherent Transmission Electron Microscopy,” (PDF, 356 KB) Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4156 (1998).
  40. P. D. Nellist and S. J. Pennycook, “Accurate Structure Determination from Image Reconstruction in ADF STEM,” (PDF, 652 KB) J. Microsc-Oxford 190, 159 (1998).
  41. G. Duscher, N. D. Browning, and S. J. Pennycook, “Atomic Column Resolved Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy,” (PDF, 412 KB) Phys. Stat. Sol. A 166, 327 (1998).
  42. N. D. Browning, D. J. Wallis, P. D. Nellist, and S. J. Pennycook, “EELS in the STEM: Determination of Materials Properties on the Atomic Scale,” (PDF, 1.3 MB) Micron 28, 333 (1997).
  43. N. D. Browning and S. J. Pennycook, “Direct Experimental Determination of the Atomic Structure at Internal Interfaces,” (PDF, 752 KB) J. Phys. D 29, 1779 (1996).
  44. D. E. Jesson and S. J. Pennycook, “Incoherent Imaging of Crystals Using Thermally Scattered Electrons,Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 449, 273 (1995).
  45. N. D. Browning, M. F. Chisholm, and S. J. Pennycook, “Atomic-Resolution Chemical Analysis Using a Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope,” (PDF, 464 KB) Nature 366, 143 (1993).
  46. D. E. Jesson and S. J. Pennycook, “Incoherent Imaging of Thin Specimens Using Coherently Scattered Electrons,Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 441, 261 (1993).
  47. S. J. Pennycook and D. E. Jesson, “Atomic Resolution Z-Contrast Imaging of Interfaces,Acta Metall. Mater. 40, S149 (1992).
  48. S. J. Pennycook and D. E. Jesson, “High-Resolution Z-Contrast Imaging of Crystals,Ultramicroscopy 37, 14 (1991).
  49. S. J. Pennycook and D. E. Jesson, “High-Resolution Incoherent Imaging of Crystals,” (PDF, 1.1 MB) Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 938 (1990).
  50. Pennycook, S. J., "Z-Contrast STEM for Materials Science," Ultramic., 30, 58-69 (1989).
  51. S. J. Pennycook, “Impurity Lattice and Sublattice Location by Electron Channeling,” Scanning Microsc. 2, 21 (1988).
  52. S. J. Pennycook, “Delocalization Corrections for Electron Channeling Analysis,” Ultramicroscopy 26, 239 (1988).
  53. S. J. Pennycook and L. A. Boatner, “Chemically Sensitive Structure Imaging with a Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope,” (PDF, 432 KB) Nature 336, 565 (1988).
  54. S. J. Pennycook, S. D. Berger, and R. J. Culbertson, “Elemental Mapping with Elastically Scattered Electrons,” J. Microsc. 144, 229 (1986).
  55. S. J. Pennycook, J. Narayan, and O. W. Holland, “Spatially Resolved Measurement of Substitutional Dopant Concentrations in Semiconductors,” (PDF, 328 KB) Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 547 (1984).
  56. S. J. Pennycook and J. Narayan, “Direct Imaging of Dopant Distributions in Silicon by Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy,” (PDF, 276 KB) Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 385 (1984).
  57. S. D. Berger and S. J. Pennycook, “Detection of Nitrogen at (100) Platelets in Diamond,” Nature 298, 635 (1982).
  58. S. J. Pennycook and A. Howie, “Study of Single-Electron Excitations by Electron Microscopy; II Cathodoluminescence Image Contrast from Localized Energy Transfers,” Philos. Mag. 41, 809 (1980).
  59. S. J. Pennycook, L. M. Brown, and A. J. Craven, “Observation of Cathodoluminescence at Single Dislocations by STEM,” Philos. Mag. A 41, 589 (1980).

 


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